Macular Degeneration: What It Is and How It’s Treated

Macular Degeneration: What It Is and How It’s Treated

Macular Degeneration is the most common cause of vision loss over 65. Often the signs are seen decades before trouble begins. Unfortunately, many simple early treatments that can lower the risk of vision loss aren’t started soon enough.

Having your vision fail as you get older can be concerning. Often people consider it a natural part of aging. That just  isn’t true.

What Is Macular Degeneration?

Macular degeneration is a condition of the eye in which the center of the vision or macula degenerates. While this can happen to anyone of any age, it is most common in older adults. When it occurs in older adults, it is called age-related macular degeneration. The condition will worsen without treatment and slow reading speed and ultimately cause damage to the best, reading, central, and color vision.  

Symptoms of Macular Degeneration

The symptoms of macular degeneration can often be subtle and painless. it can be seen decades before a patient notices it. That’s why an eye exam by an ophthalmologist is so important. It is also important that when you notice changes in your vision that you seek out an eye doctor for an exam. Some of the common symptoms of age-related macular degeneration include:

  • Frequent changes in prescription lenses particularly for reading.
  • Shadowy areas in your central vision
  • Unusually blurry or distorted vision

There are some other signs  of macular degeneration that are only visible to an eye doctor with the appropriate equipment. They will do a complete exam of the retina to diagnose the problem. This diagnosis can come before you have noticeable symptoms. Even a family history of the disease would be reason for some simple measures, like stopping smoking and making sure you take 20 mg of lutein per day.

Treatment Options

For many, there are very specific dietary and oral therapy that can slow the disease. There are a number of factors that affect treatment, including whether it is wet or dry macular degeneration and the stage of the disease.

The last 15 years have brought many new medicines for the wet form of the disease  and Yellow Micropulse Laser has shown great promise.

If you have a family history, are 60 or older, or have difficulty with near vision, please contact us today to schedule an appointment for a comprehensive retinal exam.

Dr. Ahad Mahootchi

Board Certified Ophthalmologist at The Eye Clinic of Florida
Dr. Mahootchi is a board certified Ophthalmologist and the Medical Director of the Clinic.

A Tampa Tribune reader’s poll has ranked him as Pasco’s Best Eye Surgeon for the last 3 years. has recognized him as one of America’s Most Compassionate Doctors for 9 years in a row (2009-2017). He again won the Patient’s Choice Award for the 9th year in row this year. Both awards are given to less than 3% of doctors and based on patient voting. Dr. Mahootchi was in the top 1% in 2017.
Dr. Ahad Mahootchi

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